Peer-to-peer pressure: policy for the sharing economy
The rise of the sharing economy can save Australians more than $500 million on taxi bills, help them to put underused property and other assets to work, and increase employment and income for people on the fringe of the job market.
The prize for getting this new online economy right is large and governments should not try to slow its growth in order to protect vested interests.
Peer-to-peer platforms such as Airbnb and Uber use online technology to help strangers interact and do business. Platforms host markets in accommodation, travel, art, finance and labour, among other fields.
While the private sector will drive the peer-to-peer economy, government can play an important role to support its growth while reducing any downsides.
Some say peer-to-peer platforms bring hidden costs by risking work standards, consumer safety and local amenity, and by potentially eroding the tax base. These worries are not groundless but they should not be used as excuses to retain policies, such as taxi regulation, that were designed for another era and no longer fit.
State and territory governments should follow the lead of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory and others, and legalise ride-sharing services such as Uber.
In peer-to-peer accommodation, local councils should allow short-stay rentals run by platforms such as Airbnb, but state governments should give owners’ corporations more power to limit disruptions caused by short-stay letting.
Tens of thousands of Australians are already working on peer-to-peer platforms. These platforms will mostly improve an already flexible labour market, but governments must strengthen rules to prevent employers misclassifying workers as contractors, and bring some platform workers into workers’ compensation schemes.
Tax rules must be tightened to ensure that platforms based overseas pay enough tax.
Not all traditional industries are happy with the rise of the peer-to-peer economy, but if governments act fast, consumers, workers and even the taxpayer can come out ahead.