Rethinking permanent skilled migration after the pandemic
Abolishing the Business Investment and Innovation Program and boosting the number of skilled worker visas would supercharge the economic benefits of Australia’s skilled migration program and result in nearly $4 billion in extra personal income tax receipts alone over the lifetime of each yearly migrant intake.
Other reforms, including making employer-sponsorship available for workers in all occupations provided they earn above median full-time earnings of $80,000 a year, would better target visas to people with the most valuable skills, and simplify the sponsorship process for firms and migrants. And it could boost the fiscal dividends by at least another $9 billion from each yearly intake.
The Federal Government has recently moved policy in the wrong direction by shifting the composition of the permanent skilled intake towards older, less-skilled migrants.
As a result, more than one-in-four permanent skilled visas are now allocated to boosting business investment and to the unproven Global Talent program. These changes should be reversed because they have reduced the lifetime fiscal dividend from each annual intake of permanent skilled migrants by at least $2 billion.
When we reopen the borders, Australia should unashamedly select permanent skilled migrants for their long-term economic potential.
Skilled migrants tend to be younger, have more skills, and earn higher incomes than the typical Australian – so they generate a fiscal dividend for Australians because they pay more in taxes than they receive in public services and benefits over their lifetimes.
The Business Investment and Innovation Program, or BIIP, visa-holders bring fewer benefits than skilled migrants selected through other streams, because they are older, speak little English, and earn lower incomes.
The new Global Talent Program, which was being expanded rapidly before the pandemic, should be scaled back while its value is assessed.
The number of skilled worker visas – allocated via employer-sponsorship and the points-test – should be expanded.
Employer-sponsorship should be available for workers in all occupations, provided they earn above median full-time earnings of $80,000 a year.
Points-tested visas should no longer be restricted to occupations identified as having skills shortages, and points should no longer be awarded for undertaking regional study or a professional year.
This is the first of a series of Grattan reports on migration, co-authored by Grattan fellow Henry Sherrell, one of Australia’s leading experts on migration policy. The series does not seek to determine the size of Australia’s population or annual intake, but looks at how we can improve our migration system to ensure that it delivers the biggest possible benefits for Australia.
Grattan Institute would like to thank the Susan McKinnon Foundation for their generous and timely support of this project.